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New research by Historic Environment Scotland (HES) has been published which revises the position of the Jacobite left flank during the battle in 1746.

It is one of the most iconic battles in Scotland’s history, and one which holds a particularly poignant place in national consciousness. Now, over 275 years later, the Battle of Culloden (16 April 1746) is still revealing its secrets.

Historic Environment Scotland (HES) has uncovered new evidence for the location of Culloden Parks, the designed landscape around Culloden House, which was an important element of the battlefield landscape of Culloden in 1746 thought to have been lost. Culloden House played a key role in the conflict as a headquarters for Prince Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) and his Jacobite commanders in the days leading up to the battle.

The investigation by HES has not only discovered new evidence which shows that Culloden Parks was situated further to the west of the traditional battlefield site than previously thought, but also that a significant amount of the boundary walls of the Parks survive.

The surviving boundary wall of Culloden Park

Changing our understanding of Culloden

This finding has a significant bearing on current understanding of the battlefield landscape and the battle itself. The Jacobites used the southern end of Culloden Parks as their left flank when they deployed for the battle, meaning the Jacobite left flank must also have occupied a more westerly position than was previously believed.

Culloden is one of the most important battles in the history of the British Isles. It was the final battle fought on the British mainland and a total and bloody defeat for the Jacobites, ending more than half a century of Jacobite conflict. The battlefield itself is one of the most visited tourist sites in the Highlands, and the site holds a particularly high significance and emotional connection to many within Scotland and to the ancestors of the Scottish diaspora.

In the 275 years since the battle, the landscape of Culloden has been significantly altered through agriculture, development, and changes in land use. Many elements of the landscape that were recorded in the 1740s were believed to have been lost to these changes, including Culloden Parks. While a number of elements have been identified or confirmed through historical and archaeological research over the last few decades, much of the battlefield has remained unclear.

Jasper Leigh Jones’ map of the battle of Culloden, with the Culloden Parks visible on the centre right

The discovery of the location of Culloden Parks in the modern landscape was made by cross-referencing contemporary 18th-century maps alongside much more precisely detailed modern mapping. HES also used modern technology in the form of airborne laser scanning, known as LIDAR, which records the landscape in 3D.

This data can show subtle landscape features more prominently than is often seen on the ground, and in this case was able to show that the original channel of the Red Burn, another feature of the battlefield landscape, is also located further west than the currently understood positions of the armies would suggest. Finally, a field assessment was carried out to trace the physical evidence of the surviving walls on the ground.

Jasper Leigh Jones’ map of the battle of Culloden [cropped] with the Culloden Parks visible on the centre right

Kevin Munro, Senior Designations Officer at HES who conducted the research, said: “The Battle of Culloden is one of the most documented and studied conflicts in Scotland’s history, so to unearth new information that will further enhance our understanding of this significant battle is very gratifying.

“As part of our role in maintaining the Inventory of Historic Battlefields, we routinely review and assess different sources of information that can continue to help shape our understanding of these significant pieces of Scotland’s historic environment.

“This clear evidence for the survival of Culloden Parks shows us that the story of the Battle of Culloden is still unfolding along with our understanding of the historic landscape. This research will further enhance our knowledge of the pivotal events that took place on 16 April 1746.”

John Finalyson’s map of the battle of Culloden and surrounding landscape. The Culloden Parks can be seen just to the north of the Jacobite army.

HES will use this evidence to inform a future review of the inventory of Historic Battlefields and the record for the Battle of Culloden.

The full research report can be viewed at Archaeology Reports Online.

(Report courtesy Historic Environment Scotland. Map images ‘Reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland’ (Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Unfortunately today we have been advised by Wingecarribee Shire Council that the Bundanoon Oval is to remain closed.

Given the current status of the Oval (closed) and the predicted forecast of continued rain up to the event day, Council’s position will be to keep the oval closed.

Jordans Crossing would also be unavailable for use as parking and will remain closed as well.

This is an unusual period of prolonged wet weather patterns that has not allowed the Oval or its precincts to dry out.

The committee are deeply conscious of their duty of care to the health, safety and wellbeing of everyone who participates at or attends Brigadoon.

We have a responsibility for the care and preservation of the Oval and its precincts, and with the present ground conditions the possible damage caused could make the area totally unmanageable for some considerable time after the Gathering. There is also the reality of serious damage to the streets in Bundanoon being used for parking with cars getting bogged on the verges. This is something we are not prepared to condone.

We apologise for the cancellation (another postponement only) but the weather has beaten us again.

I welcome you to come along to our fifth attempt at the 43rd Annual Bundanoon Highland Gathering.

Peter Rocca

President Bundanoon Highland Gathering Inc.

DATE FOR YOUR DIARY

BRIGADOON 1st April 2023

The Sunday Post reports that a team of women has conquered all of Scotland’s 282 Munros in just 26 days. They hit the final summit, Ben More on Mull, on Thursday.

The Veteran Women’s Munro Relay – members all aged between 40 and 60 – took just 26 days to complete the continuous, self-propelled journey, which started on Beinn Sgritheall in the north-west Highlands on June 4.

A core of 10 women, with others joining in for shorter spells, have run, walked, cycled and kayaked to all the Munros.

The women journeyed more than 1,750 miles by land and on water and climbed 482,300ft – more than 16 times the height of Mount Everest.

It is believed the feat has never before been completed by an all-female team. The challenge has been raising funds for the charity Free To Run which aims to empower women and girls through sport.

Organiser Fran Loots said: “It has been the most amazing journey.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Sunday Post – Facebook

National Clan Cameron Australia Inc was well represented at the recent highly successful Aberdeen Highland Games held on Saturday 2 July 2022.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We were also delighted to welcome new members to the association.

The day consisted of the Massed Band parade, with Pipes and Drums at their best, Strong Men (and Lady) competition and Highland Dancing, though limited due to the wet conditions.

This annual event, held each July, is not to be missed.

National Clan Cameron Australia Inc members can read more on the Member’s Page.

The Dark Age in Southern Scotland rarely merits more than a passing reference in our history books. Oxford History of Britain states that “the turbulent, fractured, schizophrenic history of the Celtic nations, comes out as little more than a myth, fit for the refuse heap of history”!

The time between the departure of the Romans and the arrival of St Columba was far from being “a myth”. It was a dynamic and dramatic time in our history when the elements, which eventually formed Scotland, were beginning to come together. Emerging kingdoms and politics, international trade, Christianity and new peoples – the Angles of Northumbria and the Scots of Dalriada – were changing the face of northern Britain

This will be the subject of an international conference in Moffat on 7th September 2022 (postponed since 2020 because of Covid). It will bring together archaeologists, historians, philologists, topologists, literary scholars, geographers, geo-archaeologists, art experts and anthropologists in a multi-disciplinary meeting of minds.

The historic Merlin story

The 6th century AD is the background for the historic Merlin story, not as the wizard of legend but a man of learning – a free thinker who was suddenly subjected to horrors not so different to the present Russian invasion of Ukraine. His world was shattered in a bloodbath of pillage and genocide and his beliefs exterminated by the imposition of an alien

Christian religious dogma. Suffering post-traumatic stress disorder, he took to the hills as an outlaw, surviving on what nature could provide until he was finally assassinated and buried on the banks of the weed.

Over the centuries that followed, history evolved into legend. His story was adapted, to champion new ideals and changing times. What is fact and what is fake? Where does story-telling and history connect? The conference will examine and debate the evidence. A programme of archaeological investigation starting in August in the Upper Tweed will explore the unknown.


It is with sadness that we report the passing of Dr Bob Cameron, former Commissioner of Clan Cameron in Australia and creator of the Cameron Genealogies on Thursday 12 May. We owe Bob an enormous debt of gratitude for all that he did for the clan, and we all appreciated his wisdom, knowledge, company and good humour. Bob and wife Bet were primarily responsible for re-establishing a clan organisation in NSW in the 1980s, after the former branch closed in World War II. He will be very much missed.

Dr Bob’s funeral service will be held at 2pm on Thursday 19th May at Vaucluse House, Vaucluse in Sydney.