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16 April, 746 the Jacobite army – under the command of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, faced the Hanoverian army – under the command of William, the Duke of Cumberland, at Culloden, (Drummossie Moor).

Of the reported 700 Cameron clansmen fighting under the command of Donald Cameron of Lochiel XIX Chief of Clan Cameron, approximately 225 were killed and 150 wounded (Lochiel was among the wounded). In that only 17 Cameron clansmen were taken from the field alive and as prisoners, most of the other 133 “estimated” wounded were bayoneted or shot where they lay, or would soon die in confinement.

From this, it may be surmised that approximately 358 Cameron clansmen, over one-half of Lochiel’s regiment, perished on Culloden Moor. Camerons inflicted the majority of casualties among Hanoverian forces; 19 dead and 63 wounded in Munro’s foot regiment and 120 dead or wounded in Barrell’s foot regiment. The 1745 Jacobite Rising, for all intents and purposes, came to its end at Culloden.


The following was posted by Jacobite History recently on their FaceBook page.

Make your own assessment.

Calling out one more commonly misreported issue – the Dress Act, part of the Act of Proscription in 1746 – and what it actually banned.

It did not ban tartan. It did not ban the bagpipes. It did not ban the Gàidhlig language. Gàidhlig was indeed under attack, but it was not through the Act of Proscription – more on that in another post.

The full Act is a very long document. Here is the section relating to dress and tartan. You will note that tartan is mentioned, but only if it is used to make coats, trews, etc.hence the frequent confusion. Women’s dress is not mentioned.

The penalty for wearing Highland dress, on second conviction, was transportation on a seven year indenture.

As the portrait of Pryce Campbell of Cawdor, like so many done after the passing of the Dress Act, also proves that your political connections to the British Government allowed all manner of violations without recourse. The fragment shown is a mid-18th century tartan (from Peter Eslea MacDonald of the Scottish Tartans Authority):

‘And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That from and after the first day of August, one thousand seven hundred and forty seven, no man or boy, within that part of Great Briton called Scotland, other than shall be employed as officers and soldiers in his Majesty’s forces, shall on any pretence whatsoever, wear or put on the clothes commonly called Highland Clothes (that is to say) the plaid, philibeg, or little kilt, trowse, shoulder belts, or any part whatsoever of what peculiarly belongs to the highland garb; and that no TARTAN, or partly-coloured plaid or stuff shall be used for great coats, or for upper coats; and if any such person shall presume, after the said first day of August, to wear or put on the aforesaid garments or any part of them, every such person so offending, being convicted thereof by the oath of one or more credible witness or witnesses before any court of justiciary, or any one or more justices of the peace for the shire or stewartry, or judge ordinary of the place where such offence shall be committed, shall suffer imprisonment, without bail, during the space of six months, and no longer; and being convicted for a second offence before a court of justiciary or at the circuits, shall be liable to be transported to any of his Majesty’s plantations beyond the seas, there to remain for a space of seven years.’


As I said last year, it is difficult to concoct a cheerful message in these troubled times and I very much hope that clansfolk around the world are safe and well.

I would have liked to announce that we will have a clan rally in the near future but I think it is far too early to make any plans. We will, of course, keep the matter under review.

My family are all well and I now have 10 grandchildren – seven boys and three girls. Everyone will be here for Christmas and we will be 23 for lunch so both noisy and expensive !

The Estate is in good shape and the Hydro schemes are making a big difference to the way we operate.

Of course, clan branches cannot function properly at this time but my thanks to all of you who keep the clan spirit alive – I am very grateful.

I wish you a happy Christmas and hope very much that 2022 is a happy and healthy year for all of us.

Following unanimous resolution by Clan Cameron NSW Inc. members at the Special General Meeting held 12 September 2021 NSW Fair Trading has approved the change of name of the association to National Clan Cameron Australia Incorporated and the Association is therefore registered under that name as an incorporated association in New South Wales under the Associations Incorporation Act 2009, effective 24 September 2021.

As the National body the Association looks forward to supporting Clan Cameron members throughout Australia, enabling the Association to reflect and fulfil its purpose and vision by connecting with all associated Clan Cameron members in Australia, in part through the Clan Cameron in Australia Website, quarterly Clan Cameron Australia News, Clan Cameron in Australia Facebook page, maintaining the Cameron Genealogies database with over 120,000 Australian Camerons and their descendants, supporting and promoting Scottish and Celtic gatherings across Australia and by providing opportunities to inform and promote the unity and welfare of all associated Clan Cameron members throughout Australia.

National Clan Cameron Australia Incorporated looks forward to supporting all associated Clan Cameron members and developing a strong and growing presence throughout Australia and developing productive contact and relations with Clan Cameron associations internationally.

The answers can be found on the Clan Cameron in Australia Member’s Page.

1) What does the word ceilidh translate as?

2) Who wrote the words of Scots, Wha hae – ‘Scots, Who have’?

3) Which American park did the Scots conservationist John Muir found?

4) What is the current Guiness World Record for tossing the caber in one hour?

5) Whose dying words were, “So little done. So much to do”?

6) How long is the West Highland Way? a) 85 miles, b) 95 miles or c) 105 miles?

7) What do geal and dubh translate as?

8) What was the Roman name for Scotland?

9) What kind of weather is described in Scotland as smolt?

10) Who is entitled to wear what feathers?


Clan Cameron Members can access Cameron Stories Combined – Edition 2  on the Clan Cameron in Australia Member’s Page.

Additional family stories or updated accounts, with a hint below, have been added to Edition 1.

  • Tell your Story: From Ardnamurchan Peninsula, Scotland to Australia by John (Mel) Cameron, Vice-President Clan Cameron NSW Inc.

As the daughter of stonemason in the Ardnamurchan Peninsula in the 18th century John’s great Grandmother Isabella emigrated to Australia on SV Brilliant in September 1837 as a widow with seven children, first settling in the Hunter Valley of NSW. John’s grandmother then settled on the Clarence River establishing the property ‘Highfield’ which was noted as haven for ‘travellers’ during the Depression years.

  • The Camerons of Coboco by James Lachlan Cameron, Commissioner Clan Cameron Australia

James’ great great Grandparents Archibald and Catherine Mathieson emigrated to Australia from the Blaich locality in Lochaber on the Boyne in 1838 as part of the Highland Emigration Scheme, settling in the Dubbo region where their siblings became prosperous graziers.

  • The Camerons of Blarachaorin by Christopher Cameron, Treasurer Clan Cameron NSW Inc.

From humble tenants in the small settlement of Blarachaorin, situated on the old military road between Kinlochleven and Fort William, Chris’ great great great great Grandparents Angus and Isabella had six children. John and his family emigrated to Australia on the Blonde in 1849 to settle in the New England area of NSW along with a number of other highland families. The area was affectionately referred to as Scot’s Corner and with grit and determination and in a supportive and united community they became successful graziers and contributed to the wider life of the local area.

  • The Camerons of Otunui by Margaret Steedman & Donald Cameron and Christina (Christian) Maclean of Wairarapa by Alistair Cameron, President Clan Cameron NSW Inc.

Hailing from the Ardnamurchan area, as did John Cameron’s descendants  above, Alistair’s descendents emigrated to New Zealand on the Blenheim in 1840. Alistair’s mother Joan Aitkins descends from those who settled in the Otunui area, in the rugged central highlands of the North Island. Family members lived in a large tent before a large timber house was built which also served as the local Post Office. Alistair relates tales of Angus who at 32 stone (over 200kg) reportedly broke the neck of a bull with his bare hands.

Alistair’s paternal descendants settled and farmed land in the Wairarapa area where the family home is currently occupied by 7th generation New Zealand Camerons. Alistair emigrated to Australia in 1981.